Source: Organic Monitor
The de-commoditization of food ingredients by sustainable development is a major focus of the Sustainable Foods Summit. Growing consumer demand for sustainable products is leading many ingredients to become de-commoditized. A growing share of food commodities – such as coffee, tea and bananas - are now marketed as value-added (sustainable) products. Organic Monitor finds the same development is now occurring for ingredients. Sustainable ingredients are gaining currency as growers look at value-added production methods to raise income, whilst food & beverage companies consider ways to reduce their environmental and social footprints. Companies are also looking at sustainable ingredients because of the growing importance of sustainability reporting as well as pressure from the media and retailers.
Most strides have been made with coffee, the second largest traded commodity in the world. Almost 10 % of coffee in North America and Europe is now certified according to organic, fair trade, Rainforest Alliance, UTZ Certified or similar standards. Major brands and retailers have made pledges to source sustainable coffee, with many making social investments in developing countries. Sustainable sourcing is also becoming important for cocoa, vanilla, sugar and other ingredient commodities. Large chocolate manufacturers, such as Cadbury’s and Nestlé have made commitments to source fair trade cocoa. UTZ Certified extended its ‘Good Inside’ program to cocoa in 2007. With large companies like Cargill and Mars coming on board, cocoa could become the most traded sustainable food ingredient in the world. (Picture: Cocoa production at Kuapa Kokoo, the largest Fairtrade cocoa cooperative in Ghana representing 50,000 farmers)
Converting existing supply chains to organic, fair trade and other sustainable ingredients can be a lengthy and sometimes complex process. It can thus be easier to set up new supply chains for such ingredients, as many suppliers of novel ingredients have discovered. Organic Monitor research finds that many novel ingredients from Africa and Latin America are increasingly produced by sustainable methods. African specialties – including baobab and shea butter – are mostly fairly traded from women’s cooperatives. Argan oil, described as ‘liquid gold’, is almost entirely produced accorded to organic cultivation methods.
Intensive media coverage about the destruction of rainforests has been a factor behind the emergence of Amazonian sustainable ingredients. The American company Sambazon is sourcing organic açaí berry products from over 10,000 family farmers in the Amazon. As well as becoming the world’s largest supplier of açaí ingredients, the company makes a range of finished products. New sustainable ingredients like Inca inchi oil are also emerging from the region. They are invariably fairly traded and / or certified organic. (Picture: Argan tree)
Sustainable ingredients are becoming prominent in the food industry. However, there are major differences between their environmental and social footprints because of variations in sustainable production methods. Fair trade is popular because it creates positive social impacts, whilst organic is considered a highly ecological form of production. UTZ certified provides greater traceability and provenance, whilst Rainforest Alliance conserves biodiversity. Consumers are increasingly seeking sustainable foods, yet a major question hangs over whether existing schemes (eco-labels) are meeting their rising expectations. Also, is the way forward, convergence of existing eco-labels in terms of environmental and social parameters? Or will existing eco-labels seek to keep their parameters separate, possibly leading to divergence? Such issues will be discussed in the upcoming Sustainable Foods Summit.
The growing prominence of sustainable ingredients as well as convergence and / or divergence of food eco-labels are major themes of the upcoming Sustainable Foods Summit, taking place in San Francisco on 17 - 18 January 2012. Organized by Organic Monitor, the aim of the Sustainable Foods Summit is to explore new horizons for eco-labels and sustainability in the food industry by discussing key industry issues in a high level forum. More information is available from Sustainable Foods Summit